Italian painter and architect of the High Renaissance
Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino
April 6, 1483 [or March 28]
in the small central Italian cityUrbino in the Marche region
An enormously productive artist, he was admired for the clarity of form, ease of composition, and visual achievement of the Neoplatonic ideal of human grandeur. With Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci, he forms the traditional trinity of great masters of that period.
Besides his other accomplishments, Raphael became the most important portraitist in Rome during the first two decades of the 16th century and painter of Madonnas.
He was running an unusually large workshop and, despite his early death at 37, he left an enormous body of work. Raphael was buried in the Pantheon in Rome.